#原型朋克 #实验摇滚 #艺术摇滚 #先锋前卫摇滚
United States of America 美国



中 文 名  地下丝绒

外 文 名  The Velvet Underground, VU

组建时间  1965年

解散时间  1973年

重组/重聚 1990, 1992-1994, 1996,2009-2013

国    籍  美国


The Velvet Underground对美国的Rock & Roll有深远的影响。往后十几年的摇滚艺人无不跟随他们的脚步,承袭他们的意识,在那个花与和平的嬉皮年代,V.U.却提出反时代潮流的意识,讲出社会的无力感,使摇滚乐不再只是单纯的音乐,而是充满自省及急呼社会不平的音乐。当时只要是听V.U.的,无不自己搞起乐队,可见他们对当时及后世的摇滚极具影响。


“Life Was Saved By Rock & Roll”这句由Lou Reed的“Rock & Roll”中所唱出的名言,至今让人确信不已。

听过Velvet Underground(以下简称V.U.)的人,总会迷失在那简单的4/4小节,3、4个和弦即可完成的作品。但是在粗糙的White-Noise、呢喃自虐式的演唱以及波谱艺术大师Andy Warhol的华丽包装下,使V.U.在当时的乐队中的确与众不同。

John Cale在纽约结识Lou Reed(2013年10月27日逝世),Cale是古典理论作曲家及小提琴手,而Reed是古典钢琴手(在V.U.&Nico 中的《Sunday Morning》就是二人坐在钢琴前Jam出来的),后来加入了Stering Morrison(Guitar,Bass,因患淋巴癌病逝于纽约),Angus Naclise (Drums),后来鼓手更替为Maureen Tucker.

1966年,他们在Cafe Bizarre驻唱时认识了Andy Warhol,这位以享乐主义为目标的波谱艺术大师,他肯定商业文明所带给人们的便利与舒适,强调艺术不应以曲高和寡为晃子,而将之商业化,使更多的人能欣赏到艺术的华丽与美妙。他不认为如此会贬低艺术的价值,这些观念不但影响了V.U.,也影响了Lou Reed。

同时他也引荐Nico,使这位美丽的德国模特能表现她另一面的才华;第一张专辑《The Velvet Underground&Nico》在1966年完成,也成为地下乐队的经典,其中的歌词也反应出当时社会的脱节与失序及对社会的疏离感(由《Sunday Morning》、《Run Run Run》中可看出端倪),对药物滥用(《Heroin》、《Waiting For The Man》)、享乐主义的《Venus In Furs》、性泛滥《Femme Fatal》及Lou Reed对Nico的爱慕所作的《I'll Be Your Mirror》。这些歌词不但反应了当时的社会,也隐约可看出Andy Warhol的思想潜伏于V.U.的歌词中。

Lou Reed在Loaded专辑后单飞,相形之下,John Cale单飞后的前卫摇滚事业似乎叫好不叫座,或许是Cale没有承袭到Warhol的波谱精神吧。不过Reed的摇滚精神不曾落于俗套,从第2张专辑的《Transformer》来看,Reed已脱离了V.U.的《White Noise》的影子,但其呢喃式的唱法,简单精辟嘲讽的歌词,及永远都猜不出下一个音符落点的唱法,这些独特的地方都再次的显示了Lou Reed的地位是如此的伟大。一点点干净、一点点悲伤、一点点粗糙、一点点不满、一点点……这些一点点足以造就一连串动听的专辑。

Andy Warhol曾说V.U.将会比Beatles更有成就。照目前看来也不算过分,受V.U.影响的乐队不计其数,像Sonic Youth、David Bowie、Patti Smith、Jesus And Mary Chain.....以及无数个Punk、Post Punk乐队。在这流行的社会里,每个人都有机会流行15分钟。这句Warhol的名言在现今的演艺圈偶像歌手林立,在讲求包装的宝岛,Andy Warhol的话似乎有极高的可信度。 他们的专辑《Velvet Underground and Nico》(1967) 在《滚石》杂志评点的“史上最佳500专辑”中获得13的高位。


Norman Dolph Acetate(1966)

The Velvet Underground & Nico(1967)

White Light/White Heat(1968)

The Velvet Underground(1969)

Caught Beneath the Twisted Stars(1970)


Live at Max's Kansas City(1972)


The Velvet Underground(1974)

1969: The Velvet Underground Live(1974)


Another View(1986)

The Best of The Velvet Underground: Words and Music of Lou Reed(1989)


Live MCMXCIII(1993)

Live With Lou Reed, Vol.1(1994)

Peel Slowly and See(1995)

Rock & Roll - An Introduction To The Velvet Underground(2001)

Bootleg Series Volume 1: The Quine Tapes(2001)

The Very Best of The Velvet Underground(2003)

Loaded: The Fully Loaded Edition(2005)


The Velvet Underground Story(2006)

Velvet Underground & Nico: Unripened(2007)

Psychedelic Sounds From The Gymnasium(2008)

The Velvet Underground Story 2CD Set(2008)

Scepter Studios Sessions(2012)


The Complete Matrix Tapes(2015)

The Velvet Underground was an American rock band from New York City, active between 1964 and 1973. Formed by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Angus Maclise (who was replaced by Maureen Tucker in 1965), the group was briefly managed by the pop artist Andy Warhol, and served as the house band at the Factory and Warhol's ‘Exploding Plastic Inevitable’ events from 1966 to 1967. The provocative subject matter, musical experimentation, and often nihilistic attitudes explored in their music would prove influential in the development of punk rock and alternative music.

Despite achieving little commercial success during its existence, the Velvet Underground are now recognized as among the most influential acts of the rock era for their integration of rock music with the avant-garde. Their 1967 debut album ‘The Velvet Underground & Nico’ (featuring German singer and collaborator Nico) was called the "most prophetic rock album ever made" by ‘Rolling Stone’ in 2003. In 2004, ‘Rolling Stone’ ranked the band No. 19 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996 by Patti Smith.

The Reed–Cale–Morrison–Tucker lineup officially reunited as "The Velvet Underground" in 1992, commencing activities with a European tour beginning in Edinburgh on June 1, 1993, and featuring a performance at Glastonbury which garnered an ‘NME’ front cover. Cale sang most of the songs Nico had originally performed. As well as headlining (with Luna as the opening act), the Velvets performed as supporting act for five dates of U2's Zoo TV Tour. With the success of the Velvet Underground's European reunion tour, a series of US tour dates were proposed, as was an ‘MTV’ Unplugged broadcast, and possibly even some new studio recordings. Before any of this could come to fruition, Cale and Reed fell out again, breaking up the band once more.

On August 30, 1995, Sterling Morrison died of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma after returning to his hometown of Poughkeepsie, New York, at age 53. When the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996, Reed, Tucker, and Cale reformed the Velvet Underground for the last time. Doug Yule was absent. At the ceremony, the band was inducted by Patti Smith, and the trio performed "Last Night I Said Goodbye to My Friend", written in tribute to Morrison.

In December 2009, to commemorate the 45th anniversary of the band's formation, Reed, Tucker and Yule (with Cale not present) gave a rare interview at the New York Public Library.

The Velvet Underground continues to exist as a New York–based partnership managing the financial and back catalog aspects for the band members. In January 2012, the surviving members of the band initiated legal action against the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts over unauthorised use of the debut album's banana design. Forty-fifth anniversary box sets of the band's first four studio albums, featuring significantly expanded bonus material, appeared from 2012 to 2015; the live box set ‘The Complete Matrix Tapes’, comprising remixed and remastered versions of a series of professionally recorded 1969 performances, also appeared in 2015.

On October 27, 2013, Lou Reed died at his home in Southampton, New York, aged 71. He had undergone a liver transplant earlier in the year. John Cale responded to Reed's passing by saying "The world has lost a fine songwriter and poet…I've lost my 'school-yard buddy'".