Red Garland是美国人， 1923年生于达拉斯，1984年辞世。他原名叫William Garland，“Red”其实只是他的绰号。早年他曾吹过单簧管和中音萨克管，18岁才开始学钢琴，两年后就在费城的爵士乐俱乐部里做起了驻场钢琴师。在二战后的1946到1955年间，他积极参与纽约和费城两地的爵士乐演出，合作的对象包括“菜鸟”Charlie Parker、Miles Davis、Coleman Hawkins、“总统”Lester Young和Roy Eldrige等，后来就加入了Miles Davis的五重奏，他的个人声誉正是在与Miles合作期间建立起来的。和同时代的很多爵士钢琴手一样，Red Garland的演奏风格受到了Bud Powell、Ahmad Jamal甚至Nat King Cole的影响。在Miles乐团的时候，与他合作的节奏组乐手是低音提琴手Paul Chambers和鼓手Philly Jo Jones。在离开Miles乐团之后，Red Garland自己又先后组建过几支三重奏与五重奏，但是尤以与Paul Chambers及鼓手Arthur Taylor组成的三重奏广受好评。
Red Garland mixed together the usual influences of his generation (Nat Cole, Bud Powell, and Ahmad Jamal) into his own distinctive approach; Garlands block chords themselves became influential on the players of the 1960s. He started out playing clarinet and alto, switching to piano when he was 18. During 1946-1955, he worked steadily in New York and Philadelphia, backing such major players as Charlie Parker, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, and Roy Eldridge, but still remaining fairly obscure. That changed when he became a member of the classic Miles Davis Quintet (1955-1958), heading a rhythm section that also included Paul Chambers and Philly Joe Jones. After leaving Miles, Garland had his own popular trio and recorded very frequently for Prestige, Jazzland, and Moodsville during 1956-1962 (the majority of which are available in the Original Jazz Classics series). The pianist eventually returned to Texas and was in semi-retirement, but came back gradually in the 1970s, recording for MPS (1971) and Galaxy (1977-1979) before retiring again.