Freddy King完成了布鲁斯历史上的"王"之三部曲。他的音乐比B.B.和Albert都要更流行化，更具摇滚主张，Freddy弹奏出的solo就象是一条流淌的河。作为一位布鲁斯器乐演奏大师，Freddy King所演奏的shuffle或慢布鲁斯，更象是沾染了布鲁斯味道的摇滚歌曲或流行小调。Eric Clapton是Freddy King这种音乐倡导的热忱追随者。这张专辑中的经典名曲有"Hide Away" 、"Sen-Sa-Shun"和"San Ho-Zay"等。
by Stephen Thomas Erlewine & Cub Koda
Guitarist Freddie King rode to fame in the early 60s with a spate of catchy instrumentals which became instant bandstand fodder for fellow bluesmen and white rock bands alike. Employing a more down-home (thumb and finger picks) approach to the B.B. King single-string style of playing, King enjoyed success on a variety of different record labels. Furthermore, he was one of the first bluesmen to employ a racially integrated group on-stage behind him. Influenced by Eddie Taylor, Jimmy Rogers, and Robert Jr. Lockwood, King went on to influence the likes of Eric Clapton, Mick Taylor, Stevie Ray Vaughan, and Lonnie Mack, among many others.
Freddie King (who was originally billed as Freddy early in his career) was born and raised in Gilmer, TX, where he learned how to play guitar as a child; his mother and uncle taught him the instrument. Initially, King played rural acoustic blues, in the vein of Lightin Hopkins. By the time he was a teenager, he had grown to love the rough, electrified sounds of Chicago blues. In 1950, when he was 16 years old, his family moved to Chicago, where he began frequenting local blues clubs, listening to musicians like Muddy Waters, Jimmy Rogers, Robert Jr. Lockwood, Little Walter, and Eddie Taylor. Soon, the young guitarist formed his own band, the Every Hour Blues Boys, and was performing himself.
In the mid-50s, King began playing on sessions for Parrott and Chess Records, as well as playing with Earlee Paytons Blues Cats and the Little Sonny Cooper Band. Freddie King didnt cut his own record until 1957, when he recorded Country Boy for the small independent label El-Bee. The single failed to gain much attention.
Three years later, King signed with Federal Records, a subsidiary of King Records, and recorded his first single for the label, Youve Got to Love Her With a Feeling, in August of 1960. The single appeared the following month and became a minor hit, scraping the bottom of the pop charts in early 1961. Youve Got to Love Her With Feeling was followed by Hide Away, the song that would become Freddie Kings signature tune and most influential recording. Hide Away was adapted by King and Magic Sam from a Hound Dog Taylor instrumental and named after one of the most popular bars in Chicago. The single was released as the B-side of I Love the Woman (his singles featured a vocal A-side and an instrumental B-side) in the fall of 1961 and it became a major hit, reaching number five on the R&B charts and number 29 on the pop charts. Throughout the 60s, Hide Away was one of the necessary songs blues and rock & roll bar bands across America and England had to play during their gigs.
Kings first album, Freddy King Sings, appeared in 1961, and it was followed later that year by Lets Hide Away and Dance Away With Freddy King: Strictly Instrumental. Throughout 1961, he turned out a series of instrumentals — including San-Ho-Zay, The Stumble, and Im Tore Down — which became blues classics; everyone from Magic Sam and Stevie Ray Vaughan to Dave Edmunds and Peter Green covered Kings material. Lonesome Whistle Blues, San-Ho-Zay, and Im Tore Down all became Top Ten R&B hits that year.
Freddie King continued to record for King Records until 1968, with a second instrumental album (Freddy King Gives You a Bonanza of Instrumentals) appearing in 1965, although none of his singles became hits. Nevertheless, his influence was heard throughout blues and rock guitarists throughout the 60s — Eric Clapton made Hide Away his showcase number in 1965. King signed with Atlantic/Cotillion in late 1968, releasing Freddie King Is a Blues Masters the following year and My Feeling for the Blues in 1970; both collections were produced by King Curtis. After their release, Freddie King and Atlantic/Cotillion parted ways.
King landed a new record contract with Leon Russells Shelter Records early in 1970. King recorded three albums for Shelter in the early 70s, all of which sold well. In addition to respectable sales, his concerts were also quite popular with both blues and rock audiences. In 1974, he signed a contract with RSO Records — which was also Eric Claptons record label — and he released Burglar, which was produced and recorded with Clapton. Following the release of Burglar, King toured America, Europe, and Australia. In 1975, he released his second RSO album, Larger Than Life.
Throughout 1976, Freddie King toured America, even though his health was beginning to decline. On December 29, 1976, King died of heart failure. Although his passing was premature — he was only 42 years old — Freddie Kings influence could still be heard in blues and rock guitarists decades after his death.