中 文 名 威利·纳尔逊
外 文 名 Willie Nelson
别 名 又译：威利·尼尔森
国 籍 美国
出 生 地 德克萨斯州
职 业 歌手
代表作品 专辑《快枪威利》《阶段和进展》；歌曲《Always On My Mind》
从1957年录制演艺生涯中第一支单曲《昨日的酒》（Yesterday Wine）至今，威利的录歌和写歌生涯长达40余年。他创作的经典乡村歌曲，有《疯狂》（Crazy）和《夜生活》（Night LIfe）等；他的畅销专辑，有《红发陌生人》 (Red Headed Stranger）、 《通缉——亡命之徒》 (Wanted；The Outlaws）；他曾81次进入乡村音乐榜，1993年更被接纳成为乡村音乐名人堂成员。所有这一切使他成为美国音乐偶像和乡村音乐的传奇人物。
威利·纳尔逊，全名Willie Hugh Nelson，1933年他出生于得克萨斯州中部小小的农牧社区——阿伯特（Abbott），成长在一个四处渗透着音乐的世界中：抚养他长大的祖父使他熟悉了福音歌曲；农场上有很多的非裔和墨西哥裔的工人，他们采棉时，为了舒解疲劳，会哼唱起兰草和墨西哥斗牛歌曲；当时的电波中，满是来自纳什维尔和福特沃斯（Fort Worth）的乡村和西部摇摆热门歌曲。随着年岁的增长，威利渐渐也有了自己的心中之乐。
虽然威利·纳尔逊在20世纪70年代中期才开始成名，但是他在60年代就有了一系列为人熟知的合唱作品，他与当时已经成名的艺人Ray Price合作了《夜生活》（Nightlife）、与Patsy Cline合作了《疯狂》（Crazy）、与Faron Young合作了《你好，沃尔斯》（Hello Walls），还与Billy Walker合作了《可笑，时间怎么悄然逝去》（Funny how Time Slips Away）等作品。并且，他在Liberty公司出版了热门歌曲《触摸我》（Touch Me）；1965年，他又来到RCA公司，推出了两首同样出名的作品：《晚会已结束》（The Party's Over）和《再次动情》（Once More with Feeling），虽然没有获得很大的成功，但他的演唱引得了一定的关注，在乐迷中也培养了一批追随者。
为了实践和发展他在乡村音乐主题上独成一体的风格，他曾先后加入到Monument和Atlantic唱片公司。在monument公司的失败使他很快转入到RCA公司。在RCA公司，他出版的单曲也只能产生小范围的影响，在排行榜的最高位置也只有1969年的作品《带给我阳光》（Bring Me Sunshine），为此他不得不离开RCA公司。
70年代初，他与后来成为他长时期合作伙伴的Waylon Jennings一起，引发了著名的outlaw Country运动。这使他在70年代中期一跃成为乡村巨星。纳尔逊摈弃了当时流行的“纳什维尔之声”风格，取而代之的是受摇滚和民歌影响的"红脖子摇滚"(redneck）的亡命徒形象，这一改变果然奏效，不久他便赢得了Atlantic公司的一份合同。
1985年，纳尔逊组织了为穷困农场主筹资的第一届“援助农民”（Farm Aid）音乐会，受到多方好评。他还从1972年开始赞助在德克萨斯州滴泉（Dripping Springs）举行的一年一度的独立日野餐会（每年7月4日），这是风靡全国的乡村乐和摇滚乐爱好者聚会。
Let's Face The Music and Dance（2013）
To All The Girls...（2013）
Band of Brothers（2014）
Django and Jimmie（2015）
Summertime: Willie Nelson Sings Gershwin（2016）
Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.The critical success of the album ‘Shotgun Willie’ (1973), combined with the critical and commercial success of ‘Red Headed Stranger’ (1975) and ‘Stardust’ (1978), made Nelson one of the most recognized artists in country music. He was one of the main figures of outlaw country, a subgenre of country music that developed in the late 1960s as a reaction to the conservative restrictions of the Nashville sound. Nelson has acted in over 30 films, co-authored several books, and has been involved in activism for the use of biofuels and the legalization of marijuana.
Born during the Great Depression, and raised by his grandparents, Nelson wrote his first song at age seven and joined his first band at ten. During high school, he toured locally with the Bohemian Polka as their lead singer and guitar player. After graduating from high school in 1950, he joined the Air Force but was later discharged due to back problems. After his return, Nelson attended Baylor University for two years but dropped out because he was succeeding in music. During this time, he worked as a disc jockey in Texas radio stations and a singer in Honky-tonks. Nelson moved to Vancouver, Washington, where he wrote "Family Bible" and recorded the song "Lumberjack" in 1956. In 1958, he moved to Houston, Texas after signing a contract with D Records. He sang at the Esquire Ballroom weekly and he worked as a disk jockey. During that time, he wrote songs that would become country standards, including "Funny How Time Slips Away", "Hello Walls", "Pretty Paper", and "Crazy". In 1960 he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and later signed a publishing contract with Pamper Music which allowed him to join Ray Price's band as a bassist. In 1962, he recorded his first album, ‘...And Then I Wrote’. Due to this success, Nelson signed in 1964 with RCA Victor and joined the Grand Ole Opry the following year. After mid-chart hits in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, Nelson retired in 1972 and moved to Austin, Texas. The ongoing music scene of Austin motivated Nelson to return from retirement, performing frequently at the Armadillo World Headquarters.
In 1973, after signing with Atlantic Records, Nelson turned to outlaw country, including albums such as ‘Shotgun Willie’ and ‘Phases and Stages’. In 1975, he switched to Columbia Records, where he recorded the critically acclaimed album, ‘Red Headed Stranger’. The same year, he recorded another outlaw country album, ‘Wanted! The Outlaws’, along with Waylon Jennings, Jessi Colter, and Tompall Glaser. During the mid-1980s, while creating hit albums like ‘Honeysuckle Rose’ and recording hit songs like "On the Road Again", "To All the Girls I've Loved Before", and "Pancho and Lefty", he joined the country supergroup The Highwaymen, along with fellow singers Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, and Kris Kristofferson.
In 1990, Nelson's assets were seized by the Internal Revenue Service, which claimed that he owed US$32 million. The difficulty of paying his outstanding debt was aggravated by weak investments he had made during the 1980s. In 1992, Nelson released ‘The IRS Tapes: Who'll Buy My Memories?’, the profits of the double album, destined to the IRS, and the auction of Nelson's assets cleared his debt. During the 1990s and 2000s, Nelson continued touring extensively, and released albums every year. Reviews ranged from positive to mixed. He explored genres such as reggae, blues, jazz, and folk. Nelson made his first movie appearance in the 1979 film ‘The Electric Horseman’, followed by other appearances in movies and on television. Nelson is a major liberal activist and the co-chair of the advisory board of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, which is in favor of marijuana legalization. On the environmental front, Nelson owns the bio-diesel brand Willie Nelson Biodiesel, which is made from vegetable oil. Nelson is also the honorary chairman of the Advisory Board of the Texas Music Project, the official music charity of the state of Texas.
In 1990, the IRS seized most of Nelson's assets, claiming that he owed US$32,000,000. In addition to the unpaid taxes, Nelson's situation was worsened by the weak investments he had made during the early 1980s. In 1978, after he fired Reshen, Nelson was introduced by Dallas lawyer Terry Bray to the accounting firm Price Waterhouse. To repay the debt Reshen had created with the IRS, Nelson was recommended to invest in tax shelters that ultimately flopped. While the IRS disallowed his deductions for 1980, 1981 and 1982 (at a time that Nelson's income multiplied),due to penalties and interests, the debt increased by the end of the decade.
His lawyer, Jay Goldberg, negotiated the sum to be lowered to US$16,000,000. Later, Nelson's attorney renegotiated a settlement with the IRS in which he paid US$6,000,000, although Nelson did not comply with the agreement. Nelson released ‘The IRS Tapes: Who'll Buy My Memories?’ as a double album, with all profits destined for the IRS. Many of his assets were auctioned and purchased by friends, who donated or rented his possessions to him for a nominal fee. He sued Price Waterhouse, contending that they put his money in illegal tax shelters. The lawsuit was settled for an undisclosed amount and Nelson cleared his debts by 1993.
During the 1990s and 2000s, Nelson toured continuously, recording several albums including 1998's critically acclaimed ‘Teatro’, and performed and recorded with other acts including Phish, Johnny Cash,and Toby Keith. His duet with Keith, "Beer for My Horses", was released as a single and topped the ‘Billboard’ Hot Country Songs charts for six consecutive weeks in 2003,while the accompanying video won an award for "Best Video" at the 2004 Academy of Country Music Awards. A USA Network television special celebrated Nelson's 70th birthday, and Nelson released ‘The Essential Willie Nelson’ as part of the celebration. Nelson also appeared on Ringo Starr's 2003 album, ‘Ringo Rama’, as a guest vocal on "Write One for Me".
Nelson headlined the 2005 Tsunami Relief Austin to Asia concert to benefit the victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which raised an estimated US$75,000 for UNICEF. Also in 2005, a live performance of the Johnny Cash song "Busted" with Ray Charles was released on Charles' duets album ‘Genius & Friends’. Nelson's 2007 performance with jazz trumpeter Wynton Marsalis at the Lincoln Center, was released as the live album ‘Two Men with the Blues’ in 2008; reaching number one in ‘Billboard's Top Jazz Albums and number twenty on the ‘Billboard’ 200. The same year, Nelson recorded his first album with Buddy Cannon as the producer, ‘Moment of Forever’. Cannon acquainted Nelson earlier, during the production of his collaboration with Kenny Chesney on the duet "That Lucky Old Sun", for Chesney's album of the same name. In 2009 Nelson and Marsalis joined with Norah Jones in a tribute concert to Ray Charles, which resulted in the ‘Here We Go Again: Celebrating the Genius of Ray Charles’ album, released in 2011.
In 2010, Nelson released ‘Country Music’, a compilation of standards produced by T-Bone Burnett. The album peaked number four in ‘Billboard's Top Country Albums, and twenty on the ‘Billboard’ 200. It was nominated for Best Americana Album at the 2011 Grammy Awards. In 2011 Nelson participated in the concert ‘Kokua For Japan’, a fund raising event for the victims of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan which raised US$1.6 million.
In February 2012, Legacy Recordings signed a deal with Nelson that included the release of new material, as well as past releases that would be selected and complemented with outtakes and other material selected by him.With the new deal, Buddy Cannon returned to produce the recordings of Nelson. After selecting the material and the sound of the tunes with the singer, Cannon's work method consisted in the recording of the tracks with studio musicians, with the takes later completed on a separate session by Nelson with his guitar. Cannon's association to Nelson also extended to songwriting, with singer and producer composing the lyrics by exchanging text messages.
Nelson's first release for the Legacy Recordings was ‘Heroes’, that included guest appearances by his sons Lukas and Micah of the band Insects vs Robots, Ray Price, Merle Haggard, Snoop Dogg, Kris Kristofferson, Jamey Johnson, Billy Joe Shaver and Sheryl Crow.The album reached number four on ‘Billboard's Top Country Albums. His 2013 release ‘To All the Girls...’, a collection of duets with all female partners, featured among others Dolly Parton, Loretta Lynn, Rosanne Cash, Sheryl Crow, Mavis Staples, Norah Jones, Emmylou Harris, Carrie Underwood and Miranda Lambert.The album entered ‘Billboard's Top Country Albums at number two, marking his highest position on the chart since the release of his 1989 ‘A Horse Called Music’, and extending his record to a total of forty-six top ten albums on the country charts. Nelson scored as well his second top ten album on the ‘Billboard’ 200, with the release entering at number nine.
His following release was ‘Band of Brothers’, in 2014, the first Nelson album to feature the most newly self-penned songs since 1996's ‘Spirit’. Upon its release, it topped ‘Billboard's Top Country albums chart, the first time since 1986's ‘The Promiseland’, the last Nelson album to top it. The release reached number five on the ‘Billboard’ 200, Nelson's highest position on the chart since 1982's ‘Always on My Mind’.In December 2014, a duet with Rhonda Vincent, "Only Me", topped ‘Bluegrass Unlimited's National Airplay chart. In June 2015, his collaboration with Haggard ‘Django and Jimmie’ topped ‘Billboard's Top Country albums chart and reached number seven on the ‘Billboard’ 200.
His two sons Lukas and Micah with the band Promise of the Real have backed Neil Young on his single "A Rock Star Bucks A Coffee Shop" which is from Young's concept album ‘The Monsanto Years’ which was set for release at the end of June 2015.The song is aimed at Starbucks, Monsanto, and genetically modified food.By the end of May 2015, the song was Video of the week on the Food Consumer website.
Album ‘Summertime: Willie Nelson Sings Gershwin’ was released in February 2016.